Quote [68] – International Politics, Society .. Wars

At the outbreak of the First World War the ex-chancellor of Germany Prince von Bulow said to his successor, “How did it all happen?” “Ah, if only we knew,” was the reply. Make gentle the life of this world
In Africa, I tried to answer those who asked, “If the United States is fighting for self-determination in Vietnam, then how ca it not support the independence struggle of Angola and Mozambique?”   I answered unsatisfactory, for there is no real answer.  Yet to the questionnaires, it is less our intention than our pretension that Is objectionable.  Thus does false principle destroy the credibility of our wisdom and purpose that is the true foundation of influence as world power. Make gentle the life of the world
“But you and I know that this war will not have any real victors and that, once it is over, we shall have to go on living together forever on the same soil” – Albert Camus Make gentle the life of the world
“There is no such thing as inevitable war.  If war comes it will be from failure of human wisdom.”  – Bonar Law Make gentle the life of the world
It is better to suffer certain injustices than to commit them even to win wars, and that such deeds do us more harm than a hundred underground forces on the enemy’s side. – Albert Camus Make gentle the life of the world
Whatever the costs to us, let us think of the young men we have sent there: not just the killed, but those who have to kill; not just the maimed, but also those who must look upon the results of what they do. Make gentle the life of the world

 

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Quote [66] – International Community and Common Qualities

Each nation has different obstacles and different goals, shaped by the vagaries of history and of experience. Yet as I talk to young people around the world I am impressed not by the diversity but by the closeness of their goals, their desires and their concerns and their hope for the future. There is discrimination in New York, the racial inequality of apartheid in South Africa, and serfdom in the mountains of Peru. People starve in the streets of India, a former Prime Minister is summarily executed in the Congo, intellectuals go to jail in Russia, and thousands are slaughtered in Indonesia; wealth is lavished on armaments everywhere in the world. These are differing evils; but they are the common works of man. They reflect the imperfections of human justice, the inadequacy of human compassion, the defectiveness of our sensibility toward the sufferings of our fellows; they mark the limit of our ability to use knowledge for the well-being of our fellow human beings throughout the world. And therefore they call upon common qualities of conscience and indignation, a shared determination to wipe away the unnecessary sufferings of our fellow human beings at home and around the world.

It is these qualities which make of youth today the only true international community.

Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth.  The cruelties and obstacles of this swiftly changing planet will not yield to obsolete dogmas and outworn slogans.  It cannot be  moved by those who cling to a present which is already dying, who prefer the illusion of security to the excitement and danger which comes with even the most peaceful progress.

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [65] – Past Hopes For Future Of Collectivism Over Division

We learn, at the last, to look at out brothers as aliens, men with whom we share a city, but not a community; men bound to us in common dwelling, but not in common effort.  We learn to share only a common fear, only a common desire to retreat from each other, only a common impulse to meet disagreement with force.  We must admit the vanity of our false distinctions among men and learn to find our own advancement in the search for the advancement of others.  We must admit in ourselves that our own children’s future cannot be built on the misfortunes of others.  We must recognise that this short life can neither be ennobled or enriched by hatred or revenge.  Our lives on this plant are too short and the work to be done too great to let this spirit flourish any longer in our land.

Of course we cannot vanquish it with a program, nor with a solution.

But we can perhaps remember, if only for a time, that those who live with us as brothers, that they share with us the same short moment of life; that they seek, as do we, nothing but the chance to live out their lives in purpose and in happiness, winning what satisfaction and fulfillment they can.

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [62] – Your Freedom and International Freedom

Freedom is not money, that I could enlarge mine by taking yours.  Our liberty can grow only when the liberties of all our fellow men are secure; and he who would enslave others ends only by chaining himself, for chains have two ends, and he who holds the chain is as securely bound as he whom it holds.  And as President Kennedy said at the Berlin Wall in 1963 ‘Freedom is indivisible, and when one man is enslaved, all are not free. Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [61] – America (past), Cuba

With some trepidation, I argued [during the Cuban missile crisis] that, whatever validity the military and political arguments were for an attack in preference to a blockade, America’s traditions and history would not permit such a course of action.  Whatever military reasons he and other could marshal, they were nevertheless, in the last analysis, advocating a surprise attack by a large nation against a very small one.  This I said, could not be undertaken by the U.S if we were to maintain out moral position at home and around the globe.  Our struggle against communism throughout the world was for far more than physical survival – it had as its essence our heritage and our idealism, and these we must not destroy Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [60] – American Values vs Military Force (past)

America was a great force in the world, with immense prestige, long before we became a great military power.  That power has come to us and we cannot renounce it, but neither can we afford to forget that the real constructive force in the world comes not from bombs but from imaginative idea, warm sympathies ad a generous spirit..

Over the years, an understanding of what America really stands for is going to count far more than missiles, aircraft carriers, and supersonic bombers

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [57] – Palestine, Israel & Aspirations From The Past

“But we must never forget what this crisis has taught us – – namely, that the establishment of satisfactory relations between the Jews and the Arabs is not England’s affair but ours.  We – – that is to say, the Arabs and ourselves – – have got to agree on the main outlines of an advantageous partnership which shall satisfy the needs of both nations.  A just solution of this problem and one worthy of both nations is an end no less important and no less worthy of our efforts than the promotion of the work of construction itself.  Remember that Switzerland represents a higher stage of political development than any national state, precisely because of the greater political problems which had to be solved before stable community could be built up out of groups of different nationality” The world as I see it
“The difficulties we have been through have also brought some good in their train. They have shown us once more how strong the bond is which unites the Jews of all countries in a common destiny.  The crisis has also purified our attitude to the question of Palestine, purged it of the dross of nationalism.  It has been clearly proclaimed that we are not seeking to create a political society, but that our aim is, in accordance with the old tradition of Jewry, a cultural one in the widest sense of the word.  That being so, it is for us to solve the problem of living side by side with our brother the Arab in an open, generous and worthy manner.  We have here an opportunity of showing what we have learnt in the thousands of years of our martyrdom.  If we choose the right path we shall succeed and give the rest of the world a fine example.” The world as I see it
“Certain proceedings and pronouncements of the English administration have been justly criticised. We must not, however, leave it at that but learn by experience.  We need to pay great attention to our relations with the Arabs.  By cultivating these carefully we shall be able tin future to prevent things from becoming so dangerously strained that people can take advantage of them to provoke acts of hostility.  This goal is perfectly within our reach because our work of construction has been, and must continue to be, carried out is such a manner as to serve the real interests of the Arab population also.” The world as I see it
Among Zionist organisations ‘working Palestine’ is the one whose work is of most direct benefit to the most valuable class of people living there – – namely, those who are transforming deserts into flourishing settlements by the labour of their hands.  These workers are a selection, made on a voluntary basis, from the whole Jewish nation, an Elite composed of strong, confident, and unselfish people.  They are not ignorant stein labourers who sell the labour of their hands to the highest bidder, but educated, intellectually vigorous, free men, from whose peaceful struggle with a neglected soil the whole Jewish nation are the gainers, directly and indirectly.  By lightening their heavy lot as far as we can we shall be saving the most valuable sort of human life; for the first settlers’ struggle on ground not yet made habitable is a difficult and dangerous business involving a heavy personal sacrifice.  How true this is, only they can judge who have seen it with their own eyes.  Anyone who helps improve the equipment of these men is helping on the good work as a crucial point.

It is, moreover, this working class alone that has it in its power to establish healthy relations with the Arabs, which is the most important task of Zionism.  Administrations come and go; but it is human relations that finally turn the scale in the lives of nations.  Therefore to support ‘Working Palestine’ is at the same time to promote a humane and worthy policy in Palestine, and to oppose an effective resistance to those undercurrents of narrow nationalism from which the whole political world, and in a less degree the small political world of Palestine affairs, is suffering.”

The world as I see it
“Your letter has given me great pleasure.  It shows me that there is good will available on your side too for solving the present difficulties in a manner worthy of both our nations.  I believe that these difficulties are more psychological than real, and that they can be got over if both sides bring honesty and good will to the task.

What makes the present position so bad is the fact that Jews and Arabs confront each other as opponent before the mandatory power.  This state of affairs is unworthy of both nations and can only be altered by our finding a via media on which both sides agree.”

The world as I see it

Quote [56] – Progress – peace & “renunciation of the individual country’s unlimited right to self-determination.”

“The distinguishing feature of the present political situation of the world, and in particular of Europe, seems to me to be this, that political development has failed, both materially and intellectually, to keep pace with economic necessity, which has changed character in a comparatively short time.  The interests of each country must be subordinated to the interests of the wider community.  The struggle for this new orientation of political thought and feeling is a severe one, because it has the tradition of centuries against it. But the survival of Europe depends on its successful issue.  But the survival of Europe depends on its successful issue.  It is my firm conviction that once the psychological impediments are overcome the solution of the real  problems will not be such a terribly difficult matter..” The world as I see it
“As regards this most important need of the age of inhabitants of a small state are better placed than those of a great Power, since the latter are exposed, both in politics and economics, to the temptation to gain their ends by brute force.  The agreement between Holland and Belgium, which is the only bright spot in European affairs during the last few years, encourages one to hope that the small nations will play a leading part in the attempt to liberate the world from the degrading yoke of militarism through the renunciation of the individual country’s unlimited right to self-determination.” The world as I see it

Quote [53] – Wars, Military Service The Value Of International Institutions

“Anybody who really wants to abolish war must resolutely declare himself in favour of his own country’s resigning a portion of its sovereignty in favour of international institutions:  He must be ready to make his own country amendable, in case of dispute, to the award of an international court.  He must in the most uncompromising fashion support disarmament all round, which is actually envisaged in the unfortunate Treaty of Versailles; unless military and aggressively patriotic education is abolished, we can hope for no progress.” The world as I see it
“To be quite frank, a declaration like the one before me in a country which submits to conscription in peacetime seems to me valueless.  What you must fight for is liberation from universal military service.  Verily the French nation has had to pay heavily for the victory in 1918; for that victory had been largely responsible for holding it down in the most degrading of all forms of slavery.  Let your efforts in this struggle be unceasing.  You have a mighty ally in the German reactionaries and militarists.  If France clings to universal military service, it will be impossible in the long run to prevent its introduction in Germany.  For the demand of the Germans for equal rights will succeed in the end; and then there will be two German military slaves for every French one, which would certainly not be in the interests of France.” The world as I see it

 

Quote [52] – The unworthiness of Wars

“If the economic situation cannot be cleared up without systematic regulation, how much more necessary is such regulation for dealing with the problems of international politics!  Few people still cling to the notion that acts of violence in the shape of wars are either advantageous or worthy of humanity as a method of solving international problems.  But they are not logical enough to make vigorous efforts on behalf of the measures which might prevent war, that savage and unworthy relic if the age of barbarism.  It requires some power of reflection to see the issue clearly and a certain courage to serve this great cause resolutely and effectively.” The world as I see it