Quote [68] – International Politics, Society .. Wars

At the outbreak of the First World War the ex-chancellor of Germany Prince von Bulow said to his successor, “How did it all happen?” “Ah, if only we knew,” was the reply. Make gentle the life of this world
In Africa, I tried to answer those who asked, “If the United States is fighting for self-determination in Vietnam, then how ca it not support the independence struggle of Angola and Mozambique?”   I answered unsatisfactory, for there is no real answer.  Yet to the questionnaires, it is less our intention than our pretension that Is objectionable.  Thus does false principle destroy the credibility of our wisdom and purpose that is the true foundation of influence as world power. Make gentle the life of the world
“But you and I know that this war will not have any real victors and that, once it is over, we shall have to go on living together forever on the same soil” – Albert Camus Make gentle the life of the world
“There is no such thing as inevitable war.  If war comes it will be from failure of human wisdom.”  – Bonar Law Make gentle the life of the world
It is better to suffer certain injustices than to commit them even to win wars, and that such deeds do us more harm than a hundred underground forces on the enemy’s side. – Albert Camus Make gentle the life of the world
Whatever the costs to us, let us think of the young men we have sent there: not just the killed, but those who have to kill; not just the maimed, but also those who must look upon the results of what they do. Make gentle the life of the world

 

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Quote [67] – Commonality vs Diversity

We have treasured our educational system also as a firm pillar of the liberal community. This faith, however, is not unanimously shared. One critic has said: “Education (is) by its very nature an individual matter…not geared to mass production. It does not produce people who instinctively go the same way…(yet) our millions learn the same lessons and spend the same thing at exactly the same time. For one reason and another we are more and more ignoring differences, if not trying to obliterate them. We seem headed toward a standardization of the mind, what Goethe called ‘the deadly commonplace that fetters us all.’” This speaker was not part of a Berkeley rally; it was Edith Hamilton, one of our greatest classicists. Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [66] – International Community and Common Qualities

Each nation has different obstacles and different goals, shaped by the vagaries of history and of experience. Yet as I talk to young people around the world I am impressed not by the diversity but by the closeness of their goals, their desires and their concerns and their hope for the future. There is discrimination in New York, the racial inequality of apartheid in South Africa, and serfdom in the mountains of Peru. People starve in the streets of India, a former Prime Minister is summarily executed in the Congo, intellectuals go to jail in Russia, and thousands are slaughtered in Indonesia; wealth is lavished on armaments everywhere in the world. These are differing evils; but they are the common works of man. They reflect the imperfections of human justice, the inadequacy of human compassion, the defectiveness of our sensibility toward the sufferings of our fellows; they mark the limit of our ability to use knowledge for the well-being of our fellow human beings throughout the world. And therefore they call upon common qualities of conscience and indignation, a shared determination to wipe away the unnecessary sufferings of our fellow human beings at home and around the world.

It is these qualities which make of youth today the only true international community.

Our answer is the world’s hope; it is to rely on youth.  The cruelties and obstacles of this swiftly changing planet will not yield to obsolete dogmas and outworn slogans.  It cannot be  moved by those who cling to a present which is already dying, who prefer the illusion of security to the excitement and danger which comes with even the most peaceful progress.

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [65] – Past Hopes For Future Of Collectivism Over Division

We learn, at the last, to look at out brothers as aliens, men with whom we share a city, but not a community; men bound to us in common dwelling, but not in common effort.  We learn to share only a common fear, only a common desire to retreat from each other, only a common impulse to meet disagreement with force.  We must admit the vanity of our false distinctions among men and learn to find our own advancement in the search for the advancement of others.  We must admit in ourselves that our own children’s future cannot be built on the misfortunes of others.  We must recognise that this short life can neither be ennobled or enriched by hatred or revenge.  Our lives on this plant are too short and the work to be done too great to let this spirit flourish any longer in our land.

Of course we cannot vanquish it with a program, nor with a solution.

But we can perhaps remember, if only for a time, that those who live with us as brothers, that they share with us the same short moment of life; that they seek, as do we, nothing but the chance to live out their lives in purpose and in happiness, winning what satisfaction and fulfillment they can.

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [64] – Society, Dignity & Social Security

We must turn the power and resources of our private enterprise system to the underdeveloped nation within our midst.  This should be done by bringing into the ghettos themselves productive and profitable private industry – creating dignified jobs, not welfare handouts, for the men and youth who now languish in idleness. Make gentle the life of this world
The jobs have fled to the suburbs, or have been replaced by machines, or have moved beyond the reach of those with limited education and skills …

The fact is, if  we want to change these conditions – those of us here in this room, those of us who are in the establishment, whether it be business, or labour, or government – we must act.  The fact is that we can act.  And the fact is also that we are not acting.

Make gentle the life of this world
Our society – all our values, our views of each other, and our own self-esteem; the contribution we can make to ourselves, our families, and the community around us – all these things are built on the work we do.  But too many of the inhabitants of these areas are without the purpose, the satisfaction, or the dignity that we find in our work. Make gentle the life of this world
And there are others: on the back roads of Mississippi, where thousands of children slowly starve their lives away, their minds damaged beyond repair by the age of four or five; in the camps of the migrant workers, a half million nomads virtually unprotected by collective bargaining or social security, minimum wage or workmen’s compensation, exposed to the caprice of fate and the cruelty of their fellow man alike; and on Indian reservations where the unemployment rate is 80 percent, and where suicide is not a philosopher’s question but the leading cause of death among young people. Make gentle the life of this world
And the effects of the shortage of meaningful employment are reinforced by a welfare structure which is frequently destructive both of individuals and of the community in which they live.

More basically, welfare itself had done much to divide our people, to alienate us one from the other.  Partly this separation comes from the understandable resentment of the taxpayer, helplessly watching your welfare rolls and your property tax rise.  But there is greater resentment among the poor, the recipient s of our charity.  Some of it  comes from the brutality of the welfare system itself: from the prying bureaucrat, an all powerful administrator deciding at his desk who is deserving

Make gentle the life of this world

 

Quote [63] – Equality Of All Our People

We must recognise the full human equality of all our people – before God, before the law, and in the councils of government.  We must do this, not because it is economically advantageous, although it is; not because of the laws of God command it; although they do; not because people in other land wish it so.  We must do it for the single and fundamental reason that it is the right thing to do. Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [62] – Your Freedom and International Freedom

Freedom is not money, that I could enlarge mine by taking yours.  Our liberty can grow only when the liberties of all our fellow men are secure; and he who would enslave others ends only by chaining himself, for chains have two ends, and he who holds the chain is as securely bound as he whom it holds.  And as President Kennedy said at the Berlin Wall in 1963 ‘Freedom is indivisible, and when one man is enslaved, all are not free. Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [60] – American Values vs Military Force (past)

America was a great force in the world, with immense prestige, long before we became a great military power.  That power has come to us and we cannot renounce it, but neither can we afford to forget that the real constructive force in the world comes not from bombs but from imaginative idea, warm sympathies ad a generous spirit..

Over the years, an understanding of what America really stands for is going to count far more than missiles, aircraft carriers, and supersonic bombers

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [59] – Equality, The Individual & Life Satisfaction

“On this generation of Americans falls the full burden of proving to the world that we really mean it when we say all men are created equal before the law.  All of us might wish at times that we lived in a more tranquil world, but we don’t.  And if our times are difficult and perplexing, so are they challenging and filled with opportunity.

But all our great cooperative efforts will come to little if they do not succeed in restoring importance to the lives of individual men.  Long ago the Greeks defined happiness as ‘the exercise of vital powers along line of excellence in a life affording them scope.’  The fulfilment of that objective is increasingly difficult in the face of the giant organisations and massive bureaucracies of the age.  Still it is what we must seek, helping men and communities to mark off a corner of the word in which to move, to stretch mind and body in the effort ‘not only to equal or resemble, but to excel,’ which John Adams told us would forever be ‘the great spring of human action’ – and which was our goal for ourselves and one another in our compact two short centuries ago.”

Archibald MacLeish

Make gentle the life of this world

Quote [57] – Palestine, Israel & Aspirations From The Past

“But we must never forget what this crisis has taught us – – namely, that the establishment of satisfactory relations between the Jews and the Arabs is not England’s affair but ours.  We – – that is to say, the Arabs and ourselves – – have got to agree on the main outlines of an advantageous partnership which shall satisfy the needs of both nations.  A just solution of this problem and one worthy of both nations is an end no less important and no less worthy of our efforts than the promotion of the work of construction itself.  Remember that Switzerland represents a higher stage of political development than any national state, precisely because of the greater political problems which had to be solved before stable community could be built up out of groups of different nationality” The world as I see it
“The difficulties we have been through have also brought some good in their train. They have shown us once more how strong the bond is which unites the Jews of all countries in a common destiny.  The crisis has also purified our attitude to the question of Palestine, purged it of the dross of nationalism.  It has been clearly proclaimed that we are not seeking to create a political society, but that our aim is, in accordance with the old tradition of Jewry, a cultural one in the widest sense of the word.  That being so, it is for us to solve the problem of living side by side with our brother the Arab in an open, generous and worthy manner.  We have here an opportunity of showing what we have learnt in the thousands of years of our martyrdom.  If we choose the right path we shall succeed and give the rest of the world a fine example.” The world as I see it
“Certain proceedings and pronouncements of the English administration have been justly criticised. We must not, however, leave it at that but learn by experience.  We need to pay great attention to our relations with the Arabs.  By cultivating these carefully we shall be able tin future to prevent things from becoming so dangerously strained that people can take advantage of them to provoke acts of hostility.  This goal is perfectly within our reach because our work of construction has been, and must continue to be, carried out is such a manner as to serve the real interests of the Arab population also.” The world as I see it
Among Zionist organisations ‘working Palestine’ is the one whose work is of most direct benefit to the most valuable class of people living there – – namely, those who are transforming deserts into flourishing settlements by the labour of their hands.  These workers are a selection, made on a voluntary basis, from the whole Jewish nation, an Elite composed of strong, confident, and unselfish people.  They are not ignorant stein labourers who sell the labour of their hands to the highest bidder, but educated, intellectually vigorous, free men, from whose peaceful struggle with a neglected soil the whole Jewish nation are the gainers, directly and indirectly.  By lightening their heavy lot as far as we can we shall be saving the most valuable sort of human life; for the first settlers’ struggle on ground not yet made habitable is a difficult and dangerous business involving a heavy personal sacrifice.  How true this is, only they can judge who have seen it with their own eyes.  Anyone who helps improve the equipment of these men is helping on the good work as a crucial point.

It is, moreover, this working class alone that has it in its power to establish healthy relations with the Arabs, which is the most important task of Zionism.  Administrations come and go; but it is human relations that finally turn the scale in the lives of nations.  Therefore to support ‘Working Palestine’ is at the same time to promote a humane and worthy policy in Palestine, and to oppose an effective resistance to those undercurrents of narrow nationalism from which the whole political world, and in a less degree the small political world of Palestine affairs, is suffering.”

The world as I see it
“Your letter has given me great pleasure.  It shows me that there is good will available on your side too for solving the present difficulties in a manner worthy of both our nations.  I believe that these difficulties are more psychological than real, and that they can be got over if both sides bring honesty and good will to the task.

What makes the present position so bad is the fact that Jews and Arabs confront each other as opponent before the mandatory power.  This state of affairs is unworthy of both nations and can only be altered by our finding a via media on which both sides agree.”

The world as I see it